curl / libcurl / API / curl_easy_setopt / CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST



CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST - verify the certificate's name against host


#include <curl/curl.h>
CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, long verify);


Pass a long as parameter specifying what to verify.

This option determines whether libcurl verifies that the server cert is for the server it is known as.

When negotiating TLS and SSL connections, the server sends a certificate indicating its identity.

When CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST is 2, that certificate must indicate that the server is the server to which you meant to connect, or the connection fails. Simply put, it means it has to have the same name in the certificate as is in the URL you operate against.

Curl considers the server the intended one when the Common Name field or a Subject Alternate Name field in the certificate matches the hostname in the URL to which you told Curl to connect.

If verify value is set to 1:

In 7.28.0 and earlier: treated as a debug option of some sorts, not supported anymore due to frequently leading to programmer mistakes.

From 7.28.1 to 7.65.3: setting it to 1 made curl_easy_setopt return an error and leaving the flag untouched.

From 7.66.0: treats 1 and 2 the same.

When the verify value is 0, the connection succeeds regardless of the names in the certificate. Use that ability with caution!

The default value for this option is 2.

This option controls checking the server's certificate's claimed identity. The server could be lying. To control lying, see CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER.

WARNING: disabling verification of the certificate allows bad guys to man-in-the-middle the communication without you knowing it. Disabling verification makes the communication insecure. Just having encryption on a transfer is not enough as you cannot be sure that you are communicating with the correct end-point.

When libcurl uses secure protocols it trusts responses and allows for example HSTS and Alt-Svc information to be stored and used subsequently. Disabling certificate verification can make libcurl trust and use such information from malicious servers.


Secure Transport: If verify value is 0, then SNI is also disabled. SNI is a TLS extension that sends the hostname to the server. The server may use that information to do such things as sending back a specific certificate for the hostname, or forwarding the request to a specific origin server. Some hostnames may be inaccessible if SNI is not sent.




All TLS based protocols: HTTPS, FTPS, IMAPS, POP3S, SMTPS etc.

All TLS backends support this option.


int main(void)
  CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(curl) {
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "");
    /* Set the default value: strict name check please */
    curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 2L);


If built TLS enabled.

Return value

Returns CURLE_OK if TLS is supported, and CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION if not.

If 1 is set as argument, CURLE_BAD_FUNCTION_ARGUMENT is returned.

See also


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