curl / libcurl / API / curl_easy_setopt / CURLOPT_CAINFO



CURLOPT_CAINFO - path to Certificate Authority (CA) bundle


#include <curl/curl.h>
CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_CAINFO, char *path);


Pass a char * to a null-terminated string naming a file holding one or more certificates to verify the peer with.

If CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER is zero and you avoid verifying the server's certificate, CURLOPT_CAINFO need not even indicate an accessible file.

This option is by default set to the system path where libcurl's CA certificate bundle is assumed to be stored, as established at build time.

If curl is built against the NSS SSL library, the NSS PEM PKCS#11 module ( needs to be available for this option to work properly. Starting with curl 7.55.0, if both CURLOPT_CAINFO and CURLOPT_CAPATH are unset, NSS-linked libcurl tries to load, which contains a more comprehensive set of trust information than supported by nss-pem, because also includes information about distrusted certificates.

(iOS and macOS) When curl uses Secure Transport this option is supported. If the option is not set, then curl will use the certificates in the system and user Keychain to verify the peer.

(Schannel) This option is supported for Schannel in Windows 7 or later but we recommend not using it until Windows 8 since it works better starting then. If the option is not set, then curl will use the certificates in the Windows' store of root certificates (the default for Schannel).

The application does not have to keep the string around after setting this option.

The default value for this can be figured out with CURLINFO_CAINFO.


Built-in system specific. When curl is built with Secure Transport or Schannel, this option is not set by default.


All TLS based protocols: HTTPS, FTPS, IMAPS, POP3S, SMTPS etc.


CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();
if(curl) {
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "");
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_CAINFO, "/etc/certs/cabundle.pem");
  ret = curl_easy_perform(curl);


For the SSL engines that do not support certificate files the CURLOPT_CAINFO option is ignored. Schannel support added in libcurl 7.60.

Return value

Returns CURLE_OK if the option is supported, CURLE_UNKNOWN_OPTION if not, or CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY if there was insufficient heap space.

See also


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