curl / libcurl / API / curl_easy_setopt / CURLOPT_ECH

CURLOPT_ECH explained

Name

CURLOPT_ECH - configuration for Encrypted Client Hello

Synopsis

#include <curl/curl.h>
 
CURLcode curl_easy_setopt(CURL *handle, CURLOPT_ECH, char *config);

Description

ECH is only compatible with TLSv1.3.

This experimental feature requires a special build of OpenSSL, as ECH is not yet supported in OpenSSL releases. In contrast ECH is supported by the latest BoringSSL and wolfSSL releases.

There is also a known issue with using wolfSSL which does not support ECH when the HelloRetryRequest mechanism is used.

Pass a string that specifies configuration details for ECH. In all cases, if ECH is attempted, it may fail for various reasons. The keywords supported are:

false

Turns off ECH.

grease

Instructs client to emit a GREASE ECH extension. (The connection fails if ECH is attempted but fails.)

true

Instructs client to attempt ECH, if possible, but to not fail if attempting ECH is not possible.

hard

Instructs client to attempt ECH and fail if if attempting ECH is not possible.

ecl:\<base64-value\>

If the string starts with ecl: then the remainder of the string should be a base64-encoded ECHConfigList that is used for ECH rather than attempting to download such a value from the DNS.

pn:\<name\>

If the string starts with pn: then the remainder of the string should be a DNS/hostname that is used to over-ride the public_name field of the ECHConfigList that is used for ECH.

Default

NULL, meaning ECH is disabled.

Protocols

All TLS based protocols: HTTPS, FTPS, IMAPS, POP3S, SMTPS etc.

This option works only with the following TLS backends: OpenSSL and wolfSSL

Example

CURL *curl = curl_easy_init();
 
const char *config ="ecl:AED+DQA87wAgACB/RuzUCsW3uBbSFI7mzD63TUXpI8sGDTnFTbFCDpa+CAAEAAEAAQANY292ZXIuZGVmby5pZQAA";
if(curl) {
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_ECH, config);
  curl_easy_perform(curl);
}

Availability

Added in 8.8.0

Return value

Returns CURLE_OK on success or CURLE_OUT_OF_MEMORY if there was insufficient heap space.

See also

CURLOPT_DOH_URL(3)

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