curl / libcurl / API / Examples / smtp-multi.c

smtp-multi.c

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 * Copyright (C) 1998 - 2021, Daniel Stenberg, <daniel@haxx.se>, et al.
 *
 * This software is licensed as described in the file COPYING, which
 * you should have received as part of this distribution. The terms
 * are also available at https://curl.se/docs/copyright.html.
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 * You may opt to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute and/or sell
 * copies of the Software, and permit persons to whom the Software is
 * furnished to do so, under the terms of the COPYING file.
 *
 * This software is distributed on an "AS IS" basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.
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 ***************************************************************************/
 
/* <DESC>
 * SMTP example using the multi interface
 * </DESC>
 */
 
#include <string.h>
#include <curl/curl.h>
 
/* This is an example showing how to send mail using libcurl's SMTP
 * capabilities. It builds on the smtp-mail.c example to demonstrate how to use
 * libcurl's multi interface.
 */
 
#define FROM_MAIL     "<sender@example.com>"
#define TO_MAIL       "<recipient@example.com>"
#define CC_MAIL       "<info@example.com>"
 
static const char *payload_text =
  "Date: Mon, 29 Nov 2010 21:54:29 +1100\r\n"
  "To: " TO_MAIL "\r\n"
  "From: " FROM_MAIL "\r\n"
  "Cc: " CC_MAIL "\r\n"
  "Message-ID: <dcd7cb36-11db-487a-9f3a-e652a9458efd@"
  "rfcpedant.example.org>\r\n"
  "Subject: SMTP example message\r\n"
  "\r\n" /* empty line to divide headers from body, see RFC5322 */
  "The body of the message starts here.\r\n"
  "\r\n"
  "It could be a lot of lines, could be MIME encoded, whatever.\r\n"
  "Check RFC5322.\r\n";
 
struct upload_status {
  size_t bytes_read;
};
 
static size_t payload_source(char *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, void *userp)
{
  struct upload_status *upload_ctx = (struct upload_status *)userp;
  const char *data;
  size_t room = size * nmemb;
 
  if((size == 0) || (nmemb == 0) || ((size*nmemb) < 1)) {
    return 0;
  }
 
  data = &payload_text[upload_ctx->bytes_read];
 
  if(data) {
    size_t len = strlen(data);
    if(room < len)
      len = room;
    memcpy(ptr, data, len);
    upload_ctx->bytes_read += len;
 
    return len;
  }
 
  return 0;
}
 
int main(void)
{
  CURL *curl;
  CURLM *mcurl;
  int still_running = 1;
  struct curl_slist *recipients = NULL;
  struct upload_status upload_ctx = { 0 };
 
  curl_global_init(CURL_GLOBAL_DEFAULT);
 
  curl = curl_easy_init();
  if(!curl)
    return 1;
 
  mcurl = curl_multi_init();
  if(!mcurl)
    return 2;
 
  /* This is the URL for your mailserver */
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_URL, "smtp://mail.example.com");
 
  /* Note that this option isn't strictly required, omitting it will result in
   * libcurl sending the MAIL FROM command with empty sender data. All
   * autoresponses should have an empty reverse-path, and should be directed
   * to the address in the reverse-path which triggered them. Otherwise, they
   * could cause an endless loop. See RFC 5321 Section 4.5.5 for more details.
   */
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_MAIL_FROM, FROM_MAIL);
 
  /* Add two recipients, in this particular case they correspond to the
   * To: and Cc: addressees in the header, but they could be any kind of
   * recipient. */
  recipients = curl_slist_append(recipients, TO_MAIL);
  recipients = curl_slist_append(recipients, CC_MAIL);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_MAIL_RCPT, recipients);
 
  /* We're using a callback function to specify the payload (the headers and
   * body of the message). You could just use the CURLOPT_READDATA option to
   * specify a FILE pointer to read from. */
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READFUNCTION, payload_source);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_READDATA, &upload_ctx);
  curl_easy_setopt(curl, CURLOPT_UPLOAD, 1L);
 
  /* Tell the multi stack about our easy handle */
  curl_multi_add_handle(mcurl, curl);
 
  do {
    CURLMcode mc = curl_multi_perform(mcurl, &still_running);
 
    if(still_running)
      /* wait for activity, timeout or "nothing" */
      mc = curl_multi_poll(mcurl, NULL, 0, 1000, NULL);
 
    if(mc)
      break;
 
  } while(still_running);
 
  /* Free the list of recipients */
  curl_slist_free_all(recipients);
 
  /* Always cleanup */
  curl_multi_remove_handle(mcurl, curl);
  curl_multi_cleanup(mcurl);
  curl_easy_cleanup(curl);
  curl_global_cleanup();
 
  return 0;
}